Sergiev Posad Russia Moscow

 

Sergiev Posad

 

Open: 10am – 5pm

Close: Monday

 

 

Magnificent 'Russian Vatican' is situated only 62km from Moscow, a calm town called Sergiev Posad. Here one of the most famous and biggest Monasteries in Russia, the Trinity Monastry, which was named after its founder Saint Sergius Radonezhsky. The history of the Monastery dates back to the 14th century, and its main relic, icon 'The Trinity' by A.Rublev, is kept in its cathedral. 

The History and Art Museum-Reserve in Sergiev Posad is a pearl of Russian art. More than 50 edifices made by craftsmen from Moscow, Pskov and Yaroslavl are included in its ensemble being a part of the museum complex. Since 1993 Sergiev Posad was included to the UNESCO list of the World Cultural Heritage.                      

The Museum was founded in 1920 on the basis of the artistic treasures of the Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra. It helped the unique collections to survive through the troubled time and saved them. The basic collections were composed of artistic treasures concentrated in the course of many centuries in the Trinity-St. Sergius Monastery: the treasures were donated by Grand and Appanage Princes, Tsars, Boyars, clergymen and ordinary people or made in the Monastery workshops. So, a rich and extremely varied collection of Old Russian painting and applied art of the 14th - 17th century was accumulated.

The Monastery documents composed in the 17th century have come down to us. The Inventory Book of 1641 and Donation Books of 1639 and 1673 give valuable information about the works of art and their creators. Later the Local History Museum (1929) and the Museum of Folk Handicrafts Museum (1941) supplemented the basic collection.

Now the Museum collection comprises more than 120.000 items: ancient icons, medieval manuscripts and old printed books, icon and ornamental embroideries, church utensils, articles of gold and silver, paintings, engravings, folk and contemporary art. This ancient art collection attracts great attention due to its close connection with important events of Russian History like Kulikovo Battle of 1380, struggle for independence against the Polish-Lithuanian invasion and events of Peter the Great's time.

 

 

 

 

 

 



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